Tree of the lauriaceae family, it grows from 4 m to 8 m high, with large leaves. It has green fruits in a pear shape which contains yellow or green flesh with an egg-shaped seed.
Avocado also known as the testicle tree (aguacate) has excellent nutritive and caloric properties. Avocado is better than meat for dietetic qualities, indeed avocados contain from 160 to 200 calories per 100 g, an amount close to that of 230 calories per 100 g of a beef steak, however they lack any cholesterol content.
Avocado contains fat which are highly digestible and are chemically similar to those of olive oil. Its content in protein does not produce waste such uric acid, which acidify and overload the body.
Constituent and indications.
oleic acid (monounsaturated), linoleic acid (polyunsaturated), and palmitic acid (saturated), sugars, protein, mineral salts & vitamins. It has a high content in iron that is remarkable, as well as vitamin B6. It has antianemic, hypolipemic (it reduces the level of cholesterol in blood, very likely due to its high proportion of mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids) and digestive properties.
Consumption of avocado is recommended for anaemia, exhaustion, increase of cholesterol, hypertension , gastris and gastro-duodenal ulcer.
Avocado oil is important to cure skin afflictions like eczema, chemically or mechanically caused irritations, dry or cracked skin etc. It prevents pregnancy stretch marks, hydrates and makes face skin more beautiful, when directly applied to the skin.
It eliminates dandruff, prevents hair loss and adds strength and smoothness to the hair.
When applied with massage, it alleviates rheumatic, articular and muscular aches.
The avocado leaves are rich in tannin related substances. They can be used as infusion because of their digestive and carminative (antiflatulent) properties.
They can also be used for headaches, when directly applied on the forehead, though it is not scientifically proven.
The large avocado seeds are applied after mashed, as poultices for abscesses and furuncles. The water of the same decoction is used for dysentery and intestinal parasites.