This is the plant of the aralicaceae family, which grows from 20 to 50 cm high. Its leaves grow in group of 5 with purple flowers which give birth to a small fruits (berries), The root is fleshy, greyish or white in colour, from 10 to 15 cm large
Ginseng scientific name panax comes from the greek words pan (all) and axos (healing). Its aphrodisiac effects have given it a wide popularity in western countries in which stress, tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs have become a continuous aggression to sexual performance.
Constituents and indications
The active components of ginseng root are called ginsenosides, and chemically these are steroid glycosides from the group of triterpenic saponins. Therapeutic properties of ginseng are due mainly to these substances, but are also enhanced by other components; minerals and trace elements, the most outstanding being sulphur, manganese, germanium, magnesium, calcium and zince; vitamins B1,B2,B6, biotin and pantothenic acid; phytosterol enzymes, and other substances as well.
Effects of ginseng on the body
Invigorator: Ginsenosides increase physical performance and endurance due to an improvement of metabolic processes. Ginseng speeds up the enzymatic process of glycogenesis (production of glycogen on the liver from sugar), and glycogenolsis (production of sugar from the stored glycogen).
Ginseng decreases the concentration of lactic acid in muscles which causes stiffness, because of a better sugar metabolism; Increases the production of ATP (adenosinetriphosphate), a substance of great energetic capabilities for cells;
Increases protein synthesis anabolic effect; stimulates haematopoiesis (blood production) in the bone medulla, especially after bleeding. Ginseng invigorates but does not excite or provoke addiction, since it increases energy production on cells.
· Nervous system. Ginseng promotes mental performance, increasing concentration and memory capabilities. It has antidepressive and axiolytic properties (eliminates anxiety).
· Endocrine system. Ginseng has antistress properties due to its “adaptogenic” properties, because it increases adaptation capabilities of the body to physical or psychological efforts.
· Cardiovascular system. Ginseng has vasorregulating properties, balancing blood pressure.
· Reproductive system. Ginseng promotes spermatogenesis (increases the production of spermatozoids); stimulates sexual glands and increases hormone production; it increases sexual capability; improving both the frequency and quality of male erection, and promoting female genital organs excitation. It is not a true aphrodisiac substance, since its action does not consist in arousing sexual desire, but in improving function and capabilities of genitalia.
Indication for using ginseng
Physical exhaustion. Asthenia (weakness), easy fatigue, lack of energy, convalescence from diseases and surgery.
Stress psychosomatic disorders- (Gastritis, colitis, migraine, asthma, palpitations).
Psychological exhaustion, depression, anxiety, insomnia. Very useful for students during examination.
Premature aging senility.
High or low blood pressure.
Anaemia. It is useful to recover blood loss after donation or bleeding.
Sexual disorders. Impotence, female frigidity, hormonal insufficiency, male or female sterility.